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Factory Automation

From Research to the Global Network: The possibilities offered by PROFIBUS and PROFINET in the age of IoT and Industry 4.0

The past three decades have been an exciting time for fieldbus technology. What began as a research project is today the basis for forward-looking Industry 4.0 concepts. And despite the sophisticated technology from PROFIBUS and PROFINET, the future continues to offer a wealth of exciting tasks – such as the integration of TSN.

Today, users can depend on fieldbus devices to reliably communicate with one another, regardless of the manufacturer. This has not always been the case – 30 years ago, the costs of installation, configuration and operationweres enormous. Today’s simplicity for the user is no coincidence. In the first stages of the development of PROFIBUS, two courses were set, which from today’s perspective were almost visionary. The one was the promotion of a development-related standardization process. The other was that the newly-developed fieldbus should be able to be used by all companies. Even with further developments, the user organization – which is now internationally active – has not deviated from these two principles. However, until the point of practical maturity, numerous detail tasks were on the agenda. In addition to the actual technology, a unique quality assurance system – with interface tests, interoperability tests and certification – is also part of the fieldbus world. In order to take into account the application-specific features, the technical committees developed standardized profiles right from the start. This means that the PROFIdrive application profile meets the special requirements of drive technology in combination with the PROFIBUS and PROFINET communication systems. A little later, the PA devices profile for the process industry followed. In 1999, PROFIsafe was presented at the Hannover Messe. The development of PROFIenergy, the vendor-neutral, energy saving profile – which permits the targeted shutdown and restart of components such as lasers, robots or drives during production breaks – also met with great interest a few years ago. In the meantime, the first applications, among others in the automotive industry, are in operation.

Communication of the Future

Very early, PROFIBUS & PROFINET International (PI) relied on Ethernet-based communication. As early as 2001, the first pilot application with PROFINET was introduced. Shortly thereafter, a certification system was established, and the first PROFINET Competence Centers and test laboratories began operations. In 2004, PROFINET achieved a large-scale breakthrough in the automotive industry. Since then, PI has continued to further develop the open Industrial Ethernet standard.Through Fast Forwarding, Dynamic Frame Packing and Fragmentation, cycle times of up to 31.25 μs – along with high-precision isochrone mode – is possible. And even before Industry 4.0 was a mainstream topic in the industrial world, the lifecycle management of plants and machines was high on the priority list for the operators. For this reason, PROFINET has integrated appropriate diagnostics mechanisms to support standardized preventive maintenance. PROFINET stands out with its unique range of functions. The device diagnostics PROFIBUS is known for don’t just enable fast troubleshooting – for example, in the event of a short circuit or cable break. The integrated network diagnostics also ensures short downtimes for many other incidents and helps to optimize the performance of the network.

Seamless integration of new technologies

Increasingly, issues from the IoT and Industry 4.0 worlds are being brought to PI, driven not by the automation industry, but by information technology or basic Ethernet technology. PI sees it as its very own task to integrate new functions and features into proven PI technologies so that they work seamlessly with existing and proven systems. A current example is the integration of TSN: In Industry 4.0 applications, converged networks are real added value. They are characterized by the fact that the IT systems can easily be connected to the OT side. Data from production can be used in software applications without difficulty – for example, for process optimization. It’s also easier to integrate cloud platforms – be it on-site or anywhere in the world. The reporting is simplified with regards to plant or machine performance. Of particular interest is that through the continued evolution of the Ethernet in IEEE 802.1, future devices with standard Ethernet controllers will be developed that will meet all the robustness and deterministic requirements of industrial automation. However, an important finding of the work so far is that the simple configuration of the TSN network parameters will be decisive for user acceptance. For this reason, PI is primarily pursuing the decentralized configuration model of the IEEE – currently being tested in the testbed at Labs Network Industrie 4.0 e.V., for instance – which can be used to create flexible and powerful plant networks.

Simultaneous continuity and progress

Tasks and technologies are constantly changing, but the principles of PI – standardization and openness – will remain as constants. PI is committed to identifying the most important communication requirements for Industry 4.0 and standardizing them as PI technologies are further developed. The key is: users can continue to depend on the fact that the technology they’re already using will last and the transition to new technologies will happen easily.

What you should know about TSN: Karsten Schneider, PI Chairman, gives you the answers!

What can TSN do better than previous Ethernet solutions? 

Karsten Schneider: Ethernet TSN essentially extends the existing mechanisms of Ethernet to include “Quality of Service“ (e.g., bandwidth reservation), synchronization, as well as low latency and even bumpless redundancy. In practice, it looks like this: The applications report their communication needs to the network and get the respective requested QoS guaranteed by the network. The respective connections then run in so-called streams, which then enjoy bandwidth protection via resource allocation in the memory of the switches. In principle, each of these streams can be given a real-time capability. Due to the encapsulated streams, it is also possible with TSN that several real-time capable protocols can be operated in parallel in a single network. This is also known as network convergence.

Is TSN sufficient to transition systems into the age of Industry 4.0?

Karsten Schneider: TSN is just one building block on the way to Industry 4.0-capable systems. PI is currently working on using TSN for PROFINET, but TSN has only layer 2 mechanisms – that is, pure data transport. While this helps break down barriers to communication, IT systems do not understand the meaning of individual data from the machine. So, something must be said about the content. With a suitable semantic description, such as that already stored in the PROFINET application profiles, a quality management system without additional configuration knows that the value received is the torque from a screwdriver control unit. Only then can pure data be used profitably. Apart from that, other topics – such as security, safety or OPC UA – have to be considered for Industry 4.0.

What will happen to the previous PROFINET profiles when using TSN? 

Karsten Schneider: For years, PI has been working on corresponding profile definitions in which information from devices is described and standardized across manufacturers. With TSN, these profiles can continue to be used, along with the complete PROFINET know-how. The vision for PROFINET applications does not change due to TSN. In addition, PI is now incorporating these profiles into the joint working group with the OPC Foundation to create open information models. These can easily be made available to IT systems via OPC UA. Companion specifications for OPC UA arise here with the usage of PI know-how. This will make it even easier to implement Industry 4.0 applications in the future.

Are there already chips for TSN? 

Karsten Schneider: TSN requires a“TSN-capable“ chip. The chips used today cannot usually be upgraded through software on TSN. However, it is foreseeable that, in the future, the standard Ethernet chip will be a TSN-capable chip. Well-known chip manufacturers have already started, or at least announced, the development of chips with TSN mechanisms. Likewise, well-known PROFINET chip manufacturers will develop modules with RT/IRT and TSN, so that the hardware does not have to be changed during the transition to TSN.

What is the timeframe for the developments? 

Karsten Schneider: You should expect it to take up to ten years until a new technology is really assimilated into practice.This is at least the experience we had with the introduction of PROFIBUS and PROFINET. There may be industries where implementation is faster. But one should not forget that it is not only about the creation of the specification – which should be completed in 2019 – but also about topics such as certification, documentation, training and seminars.

These things also require time!

Advanced Forming Research Centre - Strathclyde University

Advanced Forming Research Centre

AFRC, Catapult Centre, Inchinnan, April 17th, 2018

Places are filling up fast at our free-to-attend seminar, so don’t delay in reserving yours!

We’ve updated the agenda to now include a presentation covering Industrial networks safety & security, and have brought forward the seminar start time by 15 minutes to accommodate the change.

The keynote address entitled “OEM Lifecycle – The Past, Present and Future” will set the scene for this highly topical seminar addressing the key practical issues arising from the use of digital communications technologies in automated manufacturing and process industry applications, with particular attention to Industry 4.0 and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT).

Covering key application areas such as mechanical handling and logistics, robotics, automotive engineering, electrical and electronics assembly, control systems and energy management, pulp & paper, chemical, utilities, pharmaceutical, packaging and printing, it focuses on the practical aspects of using PROFIBUS, PROFINET and IO-Link, from system design and safety considerations through to fault-finding and maintenance.

Revised agenda (as of 14th March)

Time Item Presenter
09:15 – 09:30 Welcome and introduction to exhibitors Chris McComb, iTech
09:30 – 10:00 Keynote address: OEM Lifecycle – The Past, Present and Future Chris McComb, iTech
10:00 – 10:30 PROFIBUS International and basics of PROFIBUS and PROFINET Mark Freeman, Siemens
10:30 – 11:00 PROFIBUS DP/PA network design Chris McComb, iTech
11:00 – 11:30 Coffee and exhibition
11:30 – 12:00 PROFINET network design Andy Gilbert, Siemens
12:00 – 12:30 The effects of EMC on bus networks Peter Thomas, Control Specialists
12:30 – 13:00 Industrial network commissioning and testing Dave Tomlin, Hitex
13:00 – 14:00 Lunch and Exhibition or Facility tour
14:00 – 14:30 PROFIBUS and PROFINET device configuration tools. Phil Waterworth, Endress + Hauser
14:30 – 15:00 IO-Link technology Russell Smith, Balluff
15:00 – 15:30 Industrial networks safety & security Tom Hammond, Siemens
15:30 – 16:00 Industry 4.0 and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) Derek Lane, Wago
16:00 Close

Exhibition too …

Supported by an exhibition with demonstrations of actual tools used in configuration and maintenance, the seminar will be of great value to Designers, Production/System Engineers, Instrument Technicians/Engineers, and C&I Engineers involved in the design, operation and maintenance of modern automated factories and process plant. Current exhibitors include:

With nearly 80 million nodes installed worldwide, PROFIBUS, PROFINET and IO-Link are truly market leaders, providing state of the art digital communications addressing all the needs of manufacturing and process industries, significantly lowering capital expenditure on installation, commissioning and maintenance. They offer unprecedented integration of automation, control, monitoring and safety systems using standardised and widely supported communications and networking solutions.

This seminar is ably presented by specialists from PI UK member companies. Attendance is free of charge to pre-registered delegates from the User community, i.e. companies that own, operate, design, build or maintain automated plant. The event will provide delegates with an excellent networking opportunity and the ability to speak to experts.

Previous comments/feedback include:

“Very well presented and a lot of useful information” “Fantastic as always and very informative”

“Superb day for experience and information”

If you’d like to learn how to simplify your PROFIBUS, PROFINET or IO-Link application … don’t miss this one-day Seminar!

More information and Registration

Advanced Forming Research Centre - Strathclyde University

Advanced Forming Research Centre

AFRC, Catapult Centre, Inchinnan, April 17th, 2018

A new keynote address entitled “OEM Lifecycle – The Past, Present and Future” will set the scene for this highly topical seminar addressing the key practical issues arising from the use of digital communications technologies in automated manufacturing and process industry applications, with particular attention to Industry 4.0 and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT).

Covering key application areas such as mechanical handling and logistics, robotics, automotive engineering, electrical and electronics assembly, control systems and energy management, pulp & paper, chemical, utilities, pharmaceutical, packaging and printing, it focuses on the practical aspects of using PROFIBUS, PROFINET and IO-Link, from system design and safety considerations through to fault-finding and maintenance.

Draft agenda (as of 22nd Feb)

Time Item Presenter
09:15 – 09:30 Welcome and introduction to exhibitors Ian McCartney, iTech
09:30 – 10:00 Keynote address: OEM Lifecycle – The Past, Present and Future iTech
10:00 – 10:30 PROFIBUS International and basics of PROFIBUS and PROFINET Mark Freeman, Siemens
10:30 – 11:00 PROFIBUS DP/PA network design iTech
11:00 – 11:30 Coffee and exhibition
11:30 – 12:00 PROFINET network design Andy Gilbert, Siemens
12:00 – 12:30 The effects of EMC on bus networks Peter Thomas, Control Specialists
12:30 – 13:00 Industrial network commissioning and testing Dave Tomlin, Hitex
13:00 – 14:00 Lunch and Exhibition or Facility tour
14:00 – 14:30 PROFIBUS and PROFINET device configuration tools. Phil Waterworth, Endress + Hauser
14:30 – 15:00 IO-Link technology Russell Smith, Balluff
15:00 – 15:30 Industrial networks safety & security Mark McCormick, Siemens
15:30 – 16:00 Industry 4.0 and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) Derek Lane, Wago
16:00 Close

Who should attend?

Supported by an exhibition with demonstrations of actual tools used in configuration and maintenance, the seminar will be of great value to Designers, Production/System Engineers, Instrument Technicians/Engineers, and C&I Engineers involved in the design, operation and maintenance of modern automated factories and process plant.

With nearly 80 million nodes installed worldwide, PROFIBUS, PROFINET and IO-Link are truly market leaders, providing state of the art digital communications addressing all the needs of manufacturing and process industries, significantly lowering capital expenditure on installation, commissioning and maintenance. They offer unprecedented integration of automation, control, monitoring and safety systems using standardised and widely supported communications and networking solutions.

This seminar is ably presented by specialists from PI UK member companies. Attendance is free of charge to pre-registered delegates from the User community, i.e. companies that own, operate, design, build or maintain automated plant. The event will provide delegates with an excellent networking opportunity and the ability to speak to experts.

Previous comments/feedback include:

“Very well presented and a lot of useful information” “Fantastic as always and very informative”

“Superb day for experience and information”

If you’d like to learn how to simplify your PROFIBUS, PROFINET or IO-Link application … don’t miss this one-day Seminar!

More information and Registration

Advanced Forming Research Centre - Strathclyde University

Advanced Forming Research Centre

Free Seminar – AFRC, Catapult Centre, Inchinnan, April 17th, 2018

This free-to-attend seminar addresses the key practical issues arising from the use of digital communications technologies in automated manufacturing and process industry applications, with particular attention to Industry 4.0 and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT).

Covering key application areas such as mechanical handling and logistics, robotics, automotive engineering, electrical and electronics assembly, control systems and energy management, pulp & paper, chemical, utilities, pharmaceutical, packaging and printing, it focuses on the practical aspects of using PROFIBUS, PROFINET and IO-Link, from system design and safety considerations through to fault-finding and maintenance.

Who should attend?

Supported by an exhibition with demonstrations of actual tools used in configuration and maintenance, the seminar will be of great value to Designers, Production/System Engineers, Instrument Technicians/Engineers, and C&I Engineers involved in the design, operation and maintenance of modern automated factories and process plant.

With nearly 80 million nodes installed worldwide, PROFIBUS, PROFINET and IO-Link are truly market leaders, providing state of the art digital communications addressing all the needs of manufacturing and process industries, significantly lowering capital expenditure on installation, commissioning and maintenance. They offer unprecedented integration of automation, control, monitoring and safety systems using standardised and widely supported communications and networking solutions.

This seminar is ably presented by specialists from PI UK member companies. Attendance is free of charge to pre-registered delegates from the User community, i.e. companies that own, operate, design, build or maintain automated plant. The event will provide delegates with an excellent networking opportunity and the ability to speak to experts.

Draft Agenda

Time Item Presenter
09:30 – 09:45 Welcome and introduction to exhibitors Ian McCartney, iTech
09:45 – 10:15 Keynote address: OEM Lifecycle – The Past, Present and Future iTech
10:15 – 10:45 PROFIBUS International and basics of PROFIBUS and PROFINET Mark Freeman, Siemens
10:45 – 11:15 PROFIBUS DP/PA network design iTech
11:15 – 11:45 Coffee and exhibition
11:45 – 12:15 PROFINET network design Andy Gilbert, Siemens
12:15 – 12:45 The effects of EMC on bus networks Peter Thomas, Control Specialists
12:45 – 13:45 Lunch and Exhibition or Facility tour
13:45 – 14:15 Industrial network commissioning and testing Dave Tomlin, Hitex
14:15 – 14:45 PROFIBUS and PROFINET device configuration tools. Phil Waterworth, Endress + Hauser
14:45 – 15:15 IO-Link technology Russell Smith, Balluff
15:15 – 15:45 Industry 4.0 and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) Derek Lane, Wago
15:45 – 16:00 Summary, questions, prize draw and close Alan Craig, iTech

Questions are encouraged throughout the day. All times are approximate.

Previous comments/feedback include:

“Very well presented and a lot of useful information” “Fantastic as always and very informative”

“Superb day for experience and information”

If you’d like to learn how to simplify your PROFIBUS, PROFINET or IO-Link application … don’t miss this one-day Seminar!

More information and Registration

*** Press Information ***

Nuremberg, November 29, 2017: PI (PROFIBUS & PROFINET International) developed PROFIsafe in the 1990s, making fail-safe communication and transfer of process data possible over the same connection. While many users regarded the new technology sceptically at the time, it has since gained ground over a wide front. Today, PROFIsafe is the world market leader among safety-oriented protocols. PI paved the way to implement completely new possibilities for simplification of machines and systems for users. The technology is stable and mature.

Until now, however,  fail-safe communication via a fieldbus or Industrial Ethernet has been limited to pure master-slave or controller-device architectures. Appropriate couplers are used for reliable transfer between machines and between the controllers used in the machine. But even today, there is no cross-manufacturer standard.

Since PI decided upon OPC UA for connections between controllers in PROFINET networks, it is consistent and necessary to also extend the PROFIsafe mechanisms to OPC UA. By reusing the proven, familiar PROFIsafe mechanisms, PI expects significant simplification for manufacturers who wish to implement PROFIsafe on OPC UA in their PROFINET controllers. This assures high acceptance by both manufacturers and customers, as well as bodies such as certification authorities. Furthermore, the users benefit from an open technology and thus cross-manufacturer communication at the control level for both standard and safety-related data.

Tom Burke, President of the OPC Foundation, confirms: “Functional safety is an essential part of industrial automation systems and the PI solution (PROFIsafe) truly meets and exceeds the OPC Foundation requirements for safety for the OPC UA based controller to controller communication.“

To this end, a memorandum of understanding between the OPC Foundation and PI was signed in the run-up to the SPS IPC Drives trade show in Nuremberg, Germany. The agreed goal is to establish a Joint Working Group of members from both organizations in order to create the PROFIsafe over OPC UA specification for use in fail-safe controller to controller communication. This specification will then become an integral component of the OPC UA specification framework. The OPC UA client-server, Pub/Sub and future Pub/Sub services must be mapped with TSN for the various communication requirements.

“Thus, two strong organizations drive the basis for a customer-oriented, open solution in the important Industrie 4.0 scenario of machine to machine communication,” affirms Karsten Schneider, Chairman PI (PROFIBUS & PROFINET International).

*** End ***

Press Contact:                                                                                                

PI (PROFIBUS & PROFINET International)

Support Center

Barbara Weber

Haid-und-Neu-Str. 7

D-76131 Karlsruhe

Tel.: 07 21 /96 58 – 5 49

Fax: 07 21 / 96 58 – 5 89

Barbara.Weber@profibus.com

http://www.PROFIBUS.com

PI-UK and INCASE teamed up to promote Industry 4.0 …

Sponsored by a European Interreg Project named “Industry 4.0 via Networked Control Applications and Sustainable Engineering” – aka INCASE, the seminar focused on the practical aspects of using PROFIBUS, PROFINET and IO-Link. It covered system design and safety considerations through to fault-finding and maintenance, paying particular attention to how these technologies apply to the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and Industry 4.0 in automated manufacturing and process industry applications. 

With nearly 80 million nodes installed worldwide, PROFIBUS, PROFINET and IO-Link are truly market leaders, providing state of the art digital communications addressing all the needs of manufacturing and process industries, significantly lowering capital expenditure on installation, commissioning and maintenance. They offer unprecedented integration of automation, control, monitoring and safety systems using standardised and widely supported communications and networking solutions.

This seminar was ably presented by specialists from PI UK member companies and specialists from INCASE and was acknowledged to have been of great value to the many designers, engineers and technicians in attendance.

The agenda covered:

Title Presenters
Introduction to the exhibitors Derek Lane, WAGO for PI UK and Philippe Saey, KU Leuven
Introduction to PROFIBUS International and the basics of PROFIBUS and PROFINET Mark Freeman, Siemens
PROFINET network design Peter Brown, Siemens
PROFINET network redundancy with MRP, PRP and HSR: working principles, measurements, application example from industry Philippe Saey & Frederic Depuydt, KU Leuven (Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium)
PROFINET network commissioning and testing Dave Tomlin, Hitex
PROFIBUS DP/PA network commissioning and testing Richard Needham, Hi-Port Controls
PROFINET of Things for IIoT and Industry 4.0 Derek Lane
PROFIcloud – the Professional Cloud from Phoenix Contact Tony Deane and Arno Martin Fast, Phoenix Contact
PROFIBUS & PROFINET device configuration tools Phil Waterworth, Endress+Hauser
Safety & Security for Control Networks Cliff Martin, BAE Systems
IO-Link technology Russell Smith – Balluff
EMC interference in industrial networks – understanding and avoiding the risks. Peter Thomas, Control Specialists
Troubleshooting EMI in industrial networks: practical cases. Jos Knockaert, UGent (Ghent University, Belgium)

Click here to download the presentations from PI-UK’s Slideshare site.

 

 

EEF, SIEMENS and PI UK speakers at the UK’s largest advanced engineering show

Advanced Engineering 2017 today announced a raft of speakers and conference topics, including talks from Siemens and PI UK. Topics will include how specific engineering problems have been overcome, as well as more strategic issues such as the fourth industrial revolution, smart factories and additive manufacturing.

During the two-day open conference, visitors will be able to hear from leading names within the connected manufacturing industry covering thought-provoking topics that affect the industry every working day. On day two the Engineering Employers Federation (EEF) will be taking to the stage to discuss ‘Leading factories of the future. How the fourth industrial revolution (4IR) is shaping a new leadership and skills dimension’.

Other topics will include:

  • Paul Hingley, SIEMENS – Digitisation Keynote;
  • Derek Paul Lane, WAGO Ltd and PI UK – PROFINET, the backbone of IIoT and Industry 4.0;
  • Russell Smith, Balluff GmbH and PI UK – IO-Link, the enabler for Industrial IoT and Industry 4.0 strategies;
  • Tim Andrews and Junuz Jakupovic, Manufacturing Technology Centre (MTC) – SME support for digitalisation;
  • Simon Hall, Department for International Trade – DIT strategy & overview;
  • Grant Coffin, Rockwell Automation – Time To Value: implementing I4.0 solutions in the real world;
  • John Kirven, Canon (UK) Ltd – How the most successful manufacturers create customer intimacy, attract talent, and enable their teams;

Issues will also be covered by University of Manchester, HSSMI, techUK, Magna International, LPW Technology and Doncasters UK Fabrications Ltd.

The show is newly ‘Continuing Professional Development (CPD)’ – accredited for this year, by the CPD Certification Service. Recognised by employers, and which complements the policies of professional institutes and academic bodies, it also acknowledges the effective professional development visitors to the conference can gain. Attending the conference will help visitors broaden their knowledge around the various advanced engineering sectors and the interesting and technical topics that will be discussed.

Advanced Engineering 2017 is the place where the UK supply chain meets face-to-face with engineering management, spanning: process, control and plant industries; R & D; design; test; production & procurement from OEMs, integrators and top-tier industry players within multiple industries. It takes place on 1&2 November at the NEC, Birmingham.

Alison Willis, industrial divisional director at Easyfairs, the organisers of the exhibition, said: “We’re very excited about the speakers at this year’s exhibition; with presentations from Boeing, SIEMENS, Canon and Magna we’re set to have an interesting two days!

“The conference will provide insights into topics affecting the array of industries our show covers. We have something for everyone and expert industry keynotes will allow for interesting discussions and Q&As, especially around the hot-topic of industry 4.0.”

Advanced Engineering 2017 comprises five co-locating zones:

  • Aero Engineering
  • Composites Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Performance Metals Engineering
  • Connected Manufacturing

New for this year: a dedicated zone for industry 4.0, Connected Manufacturing (where PI UK are on stand CM35); and an expanded zone for start-ups sponsored by Magna International.

Now in its ninth year, the show is set for record-breaking visitor numbers, bringing together over 700 exhibiting firms – all looking to source, specify and invest in the most up-to-date products and explore the latest industry innovations.

More Information

For more information on Advanced Engineering, or to secure your free ticket for the show, visit: www.advancedengineeringuk.com. Find regular updates on Twitter via #AEUK17.

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